Language is a structuring element of Yoko Ono's creative construction
Ideas are the main component of your work, more than materials. Some are transformed into objects, while others are poetic and utopian, consequently reflecting the artist's sense of humor, as well as her markedly socio-critical stance. Yoko Ono played a leading role in the development of conceptualism, performance art and experimental film internationally. Learn more about Yoko Ono in this article.
Yoko Ono's avant-garde activities with the Fluxus group
Yoko Ono was born in Tokyo in 1933, studied philosophy at the traditional Gakushuin University in Tokyo, being the first woman in this department. After finishing his studies in Japan, he decided to move to New York in 1953. By the end of this decade, he was already integrated into New York's avant-garde activities, producing happenings with Marcel Duchamp and Philip Glass, which included, for example, performances by the artist throw jam on screens.His first conceptual works appeared in the 1960s, along with a series of radical performances with La Monte Young in his Chambers Street apartment. Yoko Ono's early works had instructions that communicated with the audience either verbally or in writing. These instructions, feasible or unlikely, often relied on the reader's imagination to complete the work. Sometimes poetic, humorous, unsettling and idealistic, Ono's early instructional pieces anticipated his later works.In 1961, with the avant-garde group Fluxus, he held his exhibition and later, at the legendary gallery of George Maciunas in New York, AG Gallery, he held a solo exhibition of his Instructions Paintings (1961).
Yoko Ono: Pioneer in introducing audiences to artwork
In 1962, he returned to Tokyo, presented the Instructions Paintings and the performances he had already performed in New York at the Sogetsu Art Center. In 1964, Ono presented in Kyoto and Tokyo the performancecut pieceand publishedgrapefruit, a book that brings together the instructions for his conceptual pieces. in performancecut piece, the artist sat in the center of the room, offered scissors to the audience so they could cut a piece of clothing. Yoko Ono was a pioneer in introducing the public to works of art, as was the Serbian artistMarinaAbramovic subsequently materialized.Painting to Be Stepped On(1960-1961), for example, invited people to step on a piece of canvas placed directly on the floor, physically or mentally. Although easily forgotten, the work radically questioned the division between art and everyday life.
The relationship between art and life
Today, Yoko Ono is widely recognized for her pioneering films, which are considered 20th century classics. Ono's first films, also produced in the 1960s, reflect his way of poetically demonstrating the relationship between art and life. These challenge the traditional notion of directing and are involved in independent film culture. In 1966 he made the first version of Film No. 4 (Bottoms) and participated in the collaborative installation The Stone, at the Judson Gallery. In the autumn of 1966 she was invited to take part in the “Destruction in Art” symposium in London and also during this period she presented a series of concerts in England. In 1969, with John Lennon, he presented Bed-in and produced the peace campaign War Is Over! (if you want it).
Another campaign he created linked to world peace is IMAGINE PEACE, a permanent installation he created in 2007 on Viðey Island. Yoko Ono travels to Iceland every year to light herIMAGINE PEACE TOWER. The artist plays a significant role in the context of political and social intervention. Her installations consist of a mental creation, developed through the artist's investigation of architectural space as a historical void. The artist has also publicized her environmental concerns, through sculptures such asSky Machine(1966) andTo See the Sky(2015), a spiral staircase installed under a skylight that visitors were invited to climb to contemplate the sky.In addition to recognition for his films, he has also achieved other aspects such as performance and music — it is at the genesis of many of the musical forms ofnew wave. Yoko Ono has exhibited her work all over the world, including major traveling, biennial and triennial exhibitions.
The Story of John Lennon and Yoko Ono: "The Woman Who Ended The Beatles"
The love story of John Lennon and Yoko Ono became iconic, not only for the tragedy and fame of John Lennon, but also for everything they did together, the honeymoon to protest the Vietnam War, the movies and the songs. This was an unconventional relationship, and Yoko Ono, despite the divorce, still lives in the apartment overlooking New York's Central Park, opposite the place where the musician died.For many years, the story of Yoko Ono was told as she only appeared in the art world after meeting John Lennon. He was the target of accusations that became official legend – “the woman who ended the Beatles” and who unleashed a whirlwind of feelings, between hateful impulses such as misogyny and racism, a deep misunderstanding and total ignorance about Yoko Ono's path.
“Yoko Ono's journey was already long when she joined John Lennon, a relationship that broadened her scope of action while, paradoxically, obscuring her position as an artist. Lennon once described her as “the most famous unknown artist in the world: everyone knows her name and no one really knows what she does”. In it, Yoko found a partner, someone who promoted an absolutely egalitarian relationship and who was motivated by her ideas and ambitions. With it, he also gained the ideal stage to expose on an unprecedented scale his desire to blur the borders between art and everyday life as much as possible, between the work of art as the exclusive creation of its author or gesture that is only completed with the intervention on the other (...) When he created with Lennon the emblematic Bed in for peace in Amsterdam, 1969, a happening turned into a media event turned into a happening, he was applying precisely the same methods and the same form of action that had previously been reserved for a medium. artistic that he considered too closed in on himself. We witnessed the same, in fact, when, inspired by the transforming force and popular impact of rock'n'roll, with Lennon he created experimental music albums such as Two Virgins, or when his solo music was referred to as a reference by bands such as B'52s or the Sonic Youth” — Mário Lopes in “Finally, we only get to see Yoko Ono”, Público.
Yoko Ono's Journey
Since emerging on the international art scene in the early 1960s, Yoko Ono has made profound contributions to visual art, performance, film, experimental music, and influenced the international development of the Fluxus group and conceptual art. Yoko Ono's collaborations with her late husband, Beatles legend John Lennon, including Bed-In (1969), an anti-war protest that boldly communicated her commitment to social justice, will forever remain in our memory. She has never confined herself to working in the gallery space and has insistently continued to present avant-garde work that promotes world peace and transforms the barriers between art, politics and society. In recent years, Yoko Ono has embraced social media as a way to communicate her messages. artists and activists to an even wider audience. His works have been exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, at the MAXXI in Rome, at the Faurschou Foundation in New York, at the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art in Porto, at Château La Coste in Provence de France, among others.