This Sunday is celebrated Easter, an important moment in the Catholic and Jewish tradition, although they have different meanings for both. Jews celebrate the deliverance of their people from Egypt, while Catholics remember Christ's suffering on the cross for the redemption of sins and his resurrection three days after his death. The crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus will have taken place at the time of the celebration of the Jewish Passover, so both take place at the same time. Starting from five works present in the Marketplace of P55, we take a trip on the last moments of Jesus Christ.
Last Supper - Henrique do Vale
In the painting by Henrique do Vale (1959) entitled The Last Supper , a very popular theme in Catholic art is portrayed. Twelve figures with unique characteristics are represented on a circular table. We thus realize that we are before the representation of the last meal of Jesus with the twelve apostles before his crucifixion. In this set, we can easily identify the figure of Jesus Christ by its central position and representation of long hair and beard. The other elements represented on the table - the jar and the plate - symbolize the bread and wine, present in the Eucharist. With a delicate and emotional line, in a play of light and shadow, the Portuguese artist manages to create an overlay of colors by working with acrylic.
Alfredo Coelho - The Face of Christ
This painting by Alfredo Coelho (1974) depicts the face of Jesus Christ with a crown of thorns. After being sentenced to the death penalty by crucifixion, Jesus is subjected to various types of torture, both physical and psychological. It was at this point, before the crucifixion, that the Roman soldiers placed the crown of thorns on Jesus' head, considered by him to be appropriate for the "King of the Jews". The thorns in the Bible refer us, symbolically, to the original sin of Adam and Eve and the fall of Man into temptation. On a background with cool tones, between gray and blue, the Angolan artist paints a pale face of Jesus Christ who carries all mortal sin upon himself. Using acrylic and other painting techniques, Alfredo Coelho has produced an extensive work where he studies the body, its movements and emotions.
José Rodrigues - Jesus Christ Crucified
In the sculpture “Jesus Christ Crucified”, by José Rodrigues (1936-2016), the suffering of Jesus Christ is portrayed. The representation of the crucifixion is a recurrent theme in the Catholic religion, due to the relevance of this episode and the symbolism of the cross. The practice of crucifixion was eternally marked by the death of Jesus Christ, however this was an act performed during several centuries before and after his death.
This small piece, built in bronze, depicts Jesus on the cross with his arms and legs stretched out, following the shape of the cross. With a downcast face, thin arms, and a lower part that wraps around the cross, we can see all the suffering of the crucifixion. The pieces by José Rodrigues are intended to involve the viewer in the emotions represented. The artist focuses on physical suffering, providing an analogy between the artist and the spectator with the figure of Christ himself. José Rodrigues created several works with religious themes, including a long series of sculptures and drawings on the theme of the crucifixion.
Artur Bual - The suffering of Jesus Christ
In the work of Artur Bual (1926-1999) suffering is evident from the representation of the face of Jesus Christ. With long hair and beard, downcast eyes and a face conceived in a diagonal way, we see the artist using expressionist techniques, in order to convey the idea of pain to the viewer. Expressing all the passion and torment, through his face, Artur Bual offers us a work with a background divided into two tones. A grayish tone at the bottom, which could symbolize the earthly surface and the agony of Christ, and a lighter tone, between orange and yellow, giving an idea of heaven, hope and resurrection. The features become darker and more vigorous in the crown of thorns and in the facial features overlaying the fundus. Between the abstract and figurative, we manage to perceive, through this work, the spontaneous and emotional language that characterized Artur Bual's artistic productions.
Maria Alcina - The deposition from the cross
In this work by Maria Alcina (1944) we see the Virgin Mary with her son after the removal of the dead body of Jesus Christ from the cross. All the sufferings of this episode are portrayed here in their bodies involved in a gray background, which gives dimension to the characters.
The bloodied hands of Jesus Christ from the wounds of the nails and the pierced trunk refer to the moment after the deposition from the cross.
Virgin Mary, wrapped in dark colored garments, holds her son, demonstrating her distress and attempt to protect herself after the barbarity that he had suffered. Through the contrast between light and dark, the Brazilian artist gives movement and emotion to the painting.
The representation of the human figure and its sensations is a constant in the works. His color palette, usually more vivid, in this painting becomes somber in order to convey the suffering of the episode. In his artistic production we can find several pieces on the theme of sacred art, conceived using the technique of watercolor and oil.