Who was Keith Haring?

Quem foi Keith Haring?

The influences of Keith Haring
From an early age, Keith Haring (1958-1990) developed a love for drawing. He began to draw with his father's help and influence of pop culture around him, Dr. Suass and Walt Disney. He studied at the Ivy School of Professional Art in Pittsburgh, for two semesters, but eventually gave up on having no interest in professional life as a commercial graphic artist. He continued to study and work on his own and in 1978 had the first solo exhibition of his work at the Pittsburgh Arts and Crafts Center.
Later in the same year, he moved to New York and enrolled at the School of Visual Arts (SVA). In New York, Keith Haring He found a prosperous alternative art community that was developing outside the galleries and museum system. Thus, he lived with several artists, such as Kenny Scharf and Jean-Michel Basquiat, and musicians, performic artists. All this energy and spirit, took Keith Haring to organize and participate in exhibitions and presentations at Club 57 and in other alternative places.
Besides being impressed with the innovation and energy of this community, Keith Haring He was also inspired by Jean Dubuffet's work, Pierre Alechinsky, William Burroughs, Brion Gysin and Robert Henri's manifesto, The Art Spirit, who affirmed the artist's fundamental independence. With these influences, Keith Haring He was able to boost his works in a unique direction of graphic expression based on the primacy of the line and was determined to dedicate his career to the creation of a truly public art. These ideas were attracted to the public and participatory nature of Christo's work, in particular Running Fence, and the unique fusion of art and life of Andy Warhol.

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Public art of Keith Haring 
In 1980, Keith Haring He found an effective means of communication that allowed him to demonstrate with a broader audience the message he wanted, the advertising panels that were not being used in the metro stations. Between 1980 and 1985, he produced hundreds of public drawings in rapid rhythmic lines that became familiar for New York travelers. In the same decade, he has achieved international recognition and participated in numerous collective and individual exhibitions. His first solo exhibition in New York was held at Westbeth Painters Space in 1981. The following year, he exposed at the Soho Gallery with highly acclaimed solo exhibition at Tony Shafrazi Gallery. During this period, he also participated in famous international exhibitions, such as Documenta 7 in Kassel, the São Paulo Biennial and the Whitney Biennial. He also carried out numerous public projects, from an animation to Spectacoloroutdoor at Times Square, designed scenarios for theaters and clubs, swatch watches design and an advertising campaign for Vodka Absolut.
In April 1986, he opened a pop shop in Soho, where he sold nightgowns, toys, posters, and imons with his drawings. The store received criticism from the art world, however, the American artist continued to make his works available to all types of audiences. Throughout your career, Keith Haring He devoted much of his time to public works, which often carried social messages. Between 1982 and 1989, he produced more than 50 public works in dozens of cities around the world, many of which were created for charities, hospitals, day care centers and orphanages. Other projects include, a wall created for the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty in 1986, in which Keith Haring He worked with 900 children; a mural abroad of the Necker Children's Hospital in Paris, France, in 1987; and a mural painted on the western side of the Berlin Wall three years before his fall. Keith Haring He also held drawing workshops for children in schools and museums in New York, Amsterdam, London, Tokyo and Bordeaux, and produced images for many literacy programs and other public service campaigns.

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The AIDS Information Campaign (AIDS)
In 1988, Keith Haring He was diagnosed with AIDS, as a result, the following year, established the Foundation Keith Haring, which provides financing and images for AIDS organizations and children's programs, as well as expanding public work from Keith Haringthrough exhibitions, publications and licensing of his images. During the last years of his life, he created public works of art about disease and generate AIDS activism and awareness. Keith Haring He died of AIDS -related complications at 31, on February 16, 1990. A memorial service was performed on May 4, 1990 at the Cathedral of St. John, the Divine in New York, with over 1,000 people present.

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The intensity of the career of Keith Haring 
During its brief but intense career, in the 1980s, the work of Keith Haring It was presented in more than 100 individual and collective exhibitions. Only in 1986, was he the subject of more than 40 newspaper and magazine articles. In addition, he was intensely sought to participate in projects with artists as diverse as Madonna, Grace Jones, Bill T. Jones, William Burroughs, Timothy Leary, Jenny Holzer, Yoko Ono and Andy Warhol. By expressing universal concepts of birth, death, love, sex and war, with the primacy of the line and the frankness of the message, Keith Haring He was able to attract a wide audience and ensure the accessibility and power of permanence of his images, which became universally recognized in the visual language of the twentieth century. Since his death, Keith Haring He has been the subject of several international retrospectives and his works can be seen in museums around the world.

Keith Haring | Magazine | P55.art

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