Who was Pablo Picasso?
140 years ago one of the most influential artists of the 20th century was born: Pablo Picasso . The Spanish artist marked the historical panorama by creating, together with George Braque, a pioneering movement, Cubism - a form of representation of three-dimensional space in a two-dimensional plane. Inspired by African and Iberian art, he also contributed to the emergence of surrealism and expressionism. With over 20,000 paintings, prints, drawings, sculptures and ceramics, he has become one of the most famous artists. Discover the five outstanding works in the career of the prestigious Pablo Picasso .
One of Pablo Picasso's most famous paintings , " Guernica" was created for the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris International Exhibition in 1937. Upon seeing the dramatic photographs of the German bombing of the city of Guernica, the Spanish artist decided to represent pain and suffering. cruelty of this historic moment. This painting, deliberately made up of soft gray tones, witnesses and expresses the horror of the Spanish Civil War. Its composition is essential to express the tragedy of one of the most devastating scenes in modern society. Analyzing the painting in an iconographic way, we notice that there are two groups, the first being made up of three animals: the bull, the wounded horse and the bird, and the second group made up of human beings: a dead soldier and several women. It is noted that both the contextualization of events in Europe and in the artist's private life resulted in the motifs established in “Guernica”, one of the most representative works of art of the 20th century.
2. The woman who cries
Between 1936 and 1944, Pablo Picasso portrayed the figure of Dora Maar, one of his lovers, in several works. In the painting we see this character from the artist's life represented in a distressing and sad way. These emotions were expressed with the rigid brushstrokes and bright colors that predominate in the work, each one with its meaning and charge. Orange, the meaning of danger, aggressiveness and agitation of that historical period; black, death, revealing the spirit of insecurity and horror of war; red, blood and violence; and, finally, dark green, showing the cold, the humility of the woman's tears.
3. Les demoiselles d'avignon
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon transformed art history by breaking radically with the traditional composition and perspective of painting. The portrayal of these five human figures as geometric shapes in a single two-dimensional plane that expressed the three-dimensional one and opened a new path of possibilities in artistic composition. In “Les Demoiselles d'Avignon” the painter's interests are also denoted, whether by the faces of women with Iberian sculptures and African masks, as well as the places he frequented and knew, as Avignon is a reference to a street in Barcelona famous for its brothels .
4. Girl before a Mirror
Between 1931 and 1932, Pablo Picasso created a series of works in which “Girl before a Mirror” is inserted. This painting reinvented, in a surprisingly modern way, one of the consecrated themes of the history of art, the woman in front of the mirror. The softly painted profile of the female figure, in a delicate pink hue, is confronted with a heavily constructed frontal view in garish colors, yellows and reds. The artist expressed in a fleeting image, the movement of the figure reaching out to embrace the mirror with its reflection in order to express in all its being the allusions to youth and old age, sun and moon, light and shadow.
Pablo Picasso again abandoned tradition to create this "Guitar" sculpture with a new assembly technique. In 1912, the first version of Guitar was built, later remaking this work in metal. Therefore, the choice of materials denotes the rejection of traditional, bronze, wood and marble. Pablo Picasso gave a new dynamic by introducing to a smooth surface, the sound of the guitar that is projected by the exhibition space. A work that was involved in a game of substances in space.