Inaugurates surrealist exhibition withCruzeiro Seixas, Malangatana, Salvador Dalíat the Tate Modern

Inaugura exposição surrealista com Cruzeiro Seixas, Malangatana, Salvador Dalí no Tate Modern

Cruzeiro Seixas, Malangatana, Salvador Dalíat the Tate Modern
Works by artists such asCruzeiro Seixas, Marcelino VespeiraandMalangatanacan be seen side by side with others fromSalvador Dalí, Marcel Duchamp andPablo Picasso, starting on Thursday at an exhibition on thesurrealismat the Tate Modern Museum in London.
Covering 80 years and 50 countries such as Portugal, Argentina, Egypt, Mexico, the Czech Republic, South Korea or Japan, the exhibition of more than 150 works aims to show the international dimension of the movement.surrealistbeyond a time or place.
In the context of the avant-garde of the 1920s, surrealism emerged, an artistic and literary movement that expressed the thoughts of the unconscious. Strongly influenced by the psychoanalytic theories of the psychologist Sigmund Freud, in 1924 André Breton writes the Manifestosurrealist. The irrational, dreams and madness become the main motto of artistic productionsurrealist. In the international context, this movement is marked by artists such asSalvador Dalí, Rene Magritte,Frida Kahloand Max Ernst. In Portugal, the movement follows the artistic aesthetics of Paris, with artists such asMário Cesariny, Cruzeiro Seixas, Mário-Henrique Leiria, António Maria Lisboa, Mário-Henrique Leiria,Marcelino Vespeira, António Dacosta, among others.Since surrealism emerged, it has also been used by artists as a weapon in the struggle for political, social and personal freedom in times marked by oppressive and colonizing political regimes. the artistssurrealisthighlighted the unconscious and dreams rather than everyday images, the works are seen as poetic and even humorous, like theLobster phone, inSalvador Dalí, or René Magritte's train coming out of a fireplace.

Salvador Dalí| P55 Magazine | P55.ART

The appearance ofSurrealismin Portugal it is late, despite the artists being aware of this movement and the publication of Breton's first manifesto. Gomes Leal, Teixeira de Pascoaes or the generation of Orpheu already possessed some surrealist characteristics in their works, although Surrealism in Portugal only came to be imposed in 1947. As in France, also in Portugal the development of theSurrealismsuffered some vicissitudes.Harmand recalled how the Grupo Surrealista de Lisboa, formed by figures such as França,Mário Cesarinyand Alexandre O'Neill, adhered to “the surrealist ideas of exploring the unconscious, freeing creativity, freeing the mind, but also the idea that thesurrealismit was about political and social liberation. For them, surrealism was an anti-fascist stance, it was a way of challenging the conservatism of the Salazar regime.”

Cruzeiro Seixas| P55 Magazine | P55.ARTCruzeiro Seixas

The poet and plastic artistCruzeiro Seixas(1920-2020) was one of the founders ofSurrealismPortuguese, a movement to which he has always remained loyal, as he considers it "unique and revolutionary" in the history of art. His thin line drawings have always been faithful to this aesthetic language, which emerged in the early 1920s with the aim of transforming society and freeing the spirit. He dreamed and imagined, without aesthetic or moral impositions, in the world of plastic art, but also of poetry. Now his work is on display at the Tate Modern.For Carine Harmand, the museum's assistant curator of international art, the sculpture ofCruzeiro Seixas“it fits completely in the surrealist vein”, unexpectedly joining a buffalo foot, tortoise bone, with the poem by Antonin Artaud written around it.
The Portuguese Fernando Lemos, the MozambicanMalangatanaNgwenya and Brazilian Tarsila do Amaral are other Portuguese-speakers in the exhibition, which has the merit of showing rarely seen works, such as photographs by Cecilia Porras and Enrique Grau, which defied the social conventions of Colombia in the 1950s, or paintings by the Spanish artist exiled Eugenio Granell, target of censorship and persecution.

Malangatana| P55 Magazine | P55.ARTMalangatana

For the first time in the UK is a weird corpse mode cartoon,Long Distance,started by the American Ted Joans and created together with 132 collaborators from all over the world, includingMário Cesariny, Malangatana, Allen Ginsberg, William S. Burroughs and Octavio Paz. Exhibited in 2019, in Lisbon, the 11-meter-long work took almost 30 years to complete, between 1976 and 2005, uniting artists from different countries.
The exhibition, which includes painting, photography, sculpture and videosurrealists, opens to the public on Thursday at the Tate Modern museum, where it remains until 29 August.

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