History of Photography
Photography emerged in the 19th century, a period in which painting and sculpture were the great forms of expression. The engraving technique already existed, however it had a secondary role, due to its reproduction mechanism. Photography as an artistic expression is fertilized in the avant-garde, due to the Bauhaus and its non-hierarchical conception of artistic techniques. This factor with the pictorialist movement - creation of painting with photography - granted the opportunity for this to enter the artistic world.
From the 1970s onwards, with a greater incidence in the 1980s, the camera invaded the territory of Art, that is, cultural spaces such as museums and galleries, thus leaving practically in the background the documentary aspect of the representation of art. reality. While in the artistic world there was some uncertainty about this new machine, in the area of communication it was received as a great ally. In this way, newspapers managed to have images of the events instead of simple illustrations. To celebrate World Photography Day, P55 presents in this article five artists who have transformed the world art scene through their photographic representations.
Over the last five decades, the multidisciplinary nature of Julião Sarmento 's work has addressed themes such as eroticism, sexuality, literature or cinema. At the same time, it questioned the concepts of desire, absence, time and language through different media (painting, drawing, sculpture, collages, installation, video, performance and photography). In this last area, the Portuguese artist has expressed himself through a unique, very personal universe, very rich and always available for a plurality of eyes and thoughts.
American Landscape 8 by Julião Sarmento
Noronha da Costa marked the history of Portuguese art with her ability to constantly dialogue with the images of painting, cinema and photography. The sea, a fundamental part of his life, was recurrently highlighted in his work, through paintings with his famous spray technique, but also in photography. The landscape is an integral part of his artistic path and is thus recurrent in his portraits.
“Noronha da Costa continued in painting the experiences of the sea as it descended on the land, and made use of her already ancient boldness, in that form of classic laziness, but also of the sea as a romantic figure, as the last confessor of so many characters damned, of those who wash away the indigestion of life, after having brought in it with a supernatural hunger.”
Noronha da Costa Navies
Portuguese photographer Pedro Narra has traveled the world capturing photographs of natural life. From New Zealand to Rwanda, from Australia to Guinea-Bissau, the Portuguese artist shows the beauty of the animals that inhabit these territories in a unique way. His tour began with the Sado dolphins and more recently he held in the same place, the Selvagens collection on the plants involved in the tours and among the rocks. In an interview, Pedro Narra mentioned about this collection: “I gave them the highlight, the beauty, which I thought I should give them.” His works have won several awards, such as those developed on the island of Poilão, in the Bijagós archipelago, which won third prize in the category SOS Endangered Species - Photo reporting in the 5th edition of the Nature Images Awards 2015 contest - a series of photographs about the conservation work for green turtles in that archipelago of Guinea-Bissau.
From Pedro Narra's Wild Collection
Photography has been Rafa Fernández's creative way of exposing the reality around him. Intoxicated by the elegance and glamor of 1950s American documentary art, Rafa Fernández presents a series of timeless black and white photographs, with unpredictable backdrops about the culture and people of Tokyo. Interested in the traces of the lives that make up this city, his works tend to allow the viewer to find tranquility in the preconceived images of the chaotic city of Tokyo, altered by movement, lights and noise. His works reveal the ephemeral and the spontaneous, ending up crossing borders by allowing the viewer to get to know a little more of this great metropolis, so different from western cities.
The Spanish artist Lluís Estopiñan has produced works of art based on photography that involves other elements such as abstract painting or installation. His works around memory and consciousness tend to reflect emotions in order to convey the ways in which art can profoundly transform the viewer.
“ Lluís Estopiñan composes themes that, between fantasy and symbolism, recreate suggestions that, starting from letting the imagination run, we want to approach the forms where life is concreted, whether through biological and geological worlds or in relation to reflections personals on unfathomable metaphysical concepts... opening a reading, in each work, from which you should glimpse its sensitivity to a proposal that has about life and creation. In order to achieve such results, the painter works with an abundance of pigments and glazes in them, which, in acrylic or in collage, achieve chromaticism, luminosity and lightness that are very valid for their plastic and aesthetic contexts. Some tonal textures that allow the
Lluís Estopiñan develops reflections, feelings and metaphors it is up to an attractive, mysterious and ambiguous pictorial scheme.”
Disclosed_Memory_33 by Lluís Estopiñan