The visual element of color is used to create the atmosphere of a work of art, as it stimulates our emotions and perceptions. Thus, they offer us different responses such as harmony or conflict, hot or cold, due to the combination of pigments: a blue can be warm or cold, depending on the composition (it may tend more towards yellow or green).
The first set of pigments appeared more than 40 thousand years ago: they started to be colored with red, yellow, brown, black and white. Others joined them on the ride of innovations and new artistic movements, from the Renaissance to Impressionism.
But the story of color is not just about discoveries. There are also reinventions: in the 20th century, in several artistic movements, we see the liberation of color from the traditional rules of painting, thus becoming the main structure of the work of art. These transformations influenced artists to express their emotions through pigments. Patches of color, superimposed tones and chromatic enhancement are characteristics that link these five artists that give us a chance to discover spring. This is a journey through the use of color, whose starting point is the beginning of the 19th century, with stops for several periods, until today.
In constant movement and creation, Julius Orchard (1926-2018) is one of the most renowned Portuguese artists of the 20th century. During his long creative journey, he developed in his works a panoply of issues and themes, such as protest, resistance, eroticism, fado, bullfighting, literature, mythology, the Xingu Indians of Brazil and animals. Belonging to the third generation of modernists, Julius Orchard he is an artist whose works range from neorealism to expressionism, passing through abstractionism. In his paintings, color finds its strength in a structure of balanced planes, functioning as a form in a set that differs from the pigments used in the background. From works with free brushstrokes to the juxtaposition of intense colors in blocks using acrylic, the works of Julius Orchard intensely explore the potential of color. In addition to painting and drawing, he carried out works in various media such as screen printing, engraving, sculpture, illustration, ceramics and mural decoration on tiles.
the portuguese artist Noronha da Costa (1942-2020) stood out in the artistic panorama for his constant study of image and perception. His works are easily identifiable by the use of the spray gun technique that the artist devised in the 60s. Noronha da Costa he created images embedded in a landscape, which are close to us — however, they remain in another room, giving us the perception that there is a frosted glass to divide. Color is the main structure of his work, as it creates forms and light, which enhances the tensions present in his landscapes. Exploring different paths, the Portuguese artist's pieces are marked by a mixture of colors such as blue-orange, yellow, violet, green, red and black. The artistic production of Noronha da Costa it was marked by the questioning of perception through color, with dualities always existing, between real and virtual, duplication or blurring.
Vibrant and captivating colors represent the work of the Portuguese artist Renato Macedo . From animal portraits to more abstract works, the Portuguese artist creates these elements from his emotions. The inspiration for his paintings comes from the environment around him and the photographs he captures. Thus, color is the most powerful element in the pieces, as it has the ability to convey the artist's feelings. In his canvases, he uses several materials, such as acrylic, oil, charcoal, dry pastel, graphite and watercolors. The influence of the impressionist, post-impressionist and contemporary artists such as Paula Rego and Cristina Troufa, for the representation of light and color.
With new attention given to the common object and its transformation, François Farcy (1994) creates works inserted in a mass culture. The French artist explores several elements, from mannequins with the human figure to animal sculptures. With intense, fluorescent and vibrant colors, it metamorphoses its pieces, giving it a new aesthetic aspect. The influence of artists such as basquiat and the pop art movement. The massification of popular capitalist culture and the aesthetics of the masses are revealed through pieces with symbols of brands or popular elements. Exploring various supports, François Farcy offers a close look at the current culture in a spontaneous and emotional way through an intense chromatism.
Faithful to his observation and with a desire for expression and research based on art, Loyal Carina (1997) develops his works involved in natural elements. Flowers, plants or simply color movements represent his artistic production. In a romantic idea of intimate and sensitive observation of nature, the Portuguese artist draws and paints on various materials, such as acrylic, charcoal, dry pastel, gouaches and watercolors. The textures and movements present are created from the contrasts of color, light and shadows. Colors express emotions, giving vibrancy to his works. The influence of artists such as Anselm Kiefer and Claude Monet .