What are the most famous paintings about the life ofJesusChrist? Discover the history of Easter, through ten delicate paintings about the religious episodes, around the death and resurrection ofJesusChrist here.
1.The Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci
The Last Supper is the meal thatJesusshared with his disciples before he was betrayed, arrested, and crucified. This last meal became the biblical basis for the Eucharist. The gospels say that at the Last Supper,Jesuspredicted that one of his disciples would betray him, and that Peter would deny knowing him 3 times. The painting of The Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci is currently in Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan and measures 460 cm x 880 cm. This painting is a balanced composition, where the gesture has a great relevance, because it is through it that the emotions are transmitted and the pictorial narrative is built. From the Renaissance onwards, architecture, located in the background, serves as support for the characters, highlighting them and giving depth to the painting. Another element, which emerged at this time, was the vanishing point, which in the Last Supper, in terms of perspective, isJesusChrist, who is in the center of the painting.
2.The agony in the Garden of Gethsemane by Andrea Mantegna
In the Roman Catholic Church, the Agony in the Garden is the first Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary and the First Station of the Way of the Cross. In this famous Easter painting is portraitJesuspraying in the garden of Gethsemane after the Last Supper while the disciples sleep and Judas leads the crowd.The intense study of Classical Antiquity aroused in the painter Mantegna an intense interest in stone reliefs, sculptural ruins, precious marbles, exotic stones and cameos, to the point that the board did not seem painted with a brush, but carved in living rock. The representation is full of intellectual meanings placed in a solemn and precious style that shapes each object to establish its truth, its solidity and its statuary immortality, in a scenography determined by symbols, by gestures, by the direction of movement calculated as in the theater, showing us his intensely metaphorical pictorial language.
3. Caravaggio's Betrayal of Christ
The Betrayal of Christ is the biblical episode in which Judas offers a kiss toJesus, to identify him among the chief priests to later be arrested. Among the many painters who portrayed this episode, we highlight the painter Caravaggio, the master of baroque painting.Jesuswith the hands clasped to the body as a sign of surrender at the moments of their capture is contrasted with the power of the soldiers with their black and polished armor. The various expressions ofJesus, Judas and the fleeing disciple, give an emotional depth to the painting. Lost for nearly 200 years, this painting was rediscovered in 1990 in a residence in Dublin, Ireland. It is currently on display at the National Gallery of Ireland. The Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi, known as Caravaggio (1573-1610), was famous for several paintings since “The Betrayal of Christ”, as well as the “The Crucifixion of Saint Peter” and the “Martyrdom of Saint Matthew”.
4.Jesusabout to be struck in front of former High Priest Annas by José Sotero de Madrazo y Agudo
In this famous religious painting we see the trial ofJesusbefore assembly.JesusChrist is iconographically represented with the white malt and with a calm and strong reaction. The characteristics of the characters, whether their features or anatomy, represent some of the key points of the neo-classical movement. This religious scene, with its life-size figures, is treated in the sober manner usually applied to scenes from Roman history. It was the first major painting produced by Madrazo while training in Paris with Jacques-Louis David, and it earned him an increase in his Charles IV scholarship, allowing him to continue his studies in Rome.
5.The Denial of Peter by Carl Heinrich Bloch
Jesuspredicted that Peter would deny knowing him, stating that Peter would disown him before the rooster crowed the next morning. The gospels tell us that Peter did in fact denyJesus3 times and when he realized what he had done, he cried. This is known as Peter's repentance and it is this act of denial that is pictured here.
6.The Flagellation of Christ by Rubens
The scourging of Christ is a scene from the Passion of the Christ very often depicted in Christian religious art. This painting is part of a large panel dating from around 1614. It is one of a series of fifteen panels painted by eleven artists, including Maerten de Vos, Anthony van Dyck and Jacques Jordaens. In this pictorial composition, the impressive direct and restless brushstrokes, the sculptural power of the characters and the balanced composition around the figure of Christ in the center stand out. Contact with the colors of Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese had a lasting influence on Rubens' work. He became a court painter to the Duke of Mantua, which gave him the opportunity to study ancient painting and sculpture from the Ducal Palace's collection. In the court there were still magnificent specimens of horses and exotic animals that would serve as models in paintings of hunting scenes.
7.The Christ carrying the cross by El Greco
According to the Gospels, a woven crown of thorns was placed on the head ofJesusduring the events until the crucifixion ofJesus. In El Greco's powerful religious painting, we seeJesuscarrying the cross with the crown of thorns and with drops of blood on his face. Christ is painted with a tearful gaze, directed at the viewer. El Greco was a Spanish painter of Greek origin, with an unmistakable style due to his representation of figures. He became an exponent of Spanish Mannerism and his work represented an anticipation of the Baroque.
8. Crucifixion of Tissot
The crucifixion of the French artist is treated in a peculiar way, becauseJesusChrist is not represented. The spectator is given a vision of Christ himself and what he witnessed in his last hours. Normally, in a depiction entitled Christ Crucified it is obvious thatJesuswill be painted as the central figure, but here in Tissot's painting, the only thing the viewer can see are his feet. Jacques Joseph Tissot became a famous painter with his paintings full of women dressed according to the period, displayed in various scenes of everyday life, and also because of biblical scenes such as this one.
9.The Burial of Christ by Caravaggio
After the crucifixion of Christ, the disciples and Mary, mother ofJesusChrist, helped Christ down from the cross and placed him in the tomb. This painting, like all Baroque masterpieces, is untied by darkness. There's a word for it: tenebroso, which means dark style. This has the desired effect of making the viewer focus on the figures in the painting and the action, rather than what is happening in the foreground. the body ofJesus, was painted to demonstrate the suffering of the moment. One of the characteristics of Baroque painting, also present here, is the breaking of the space between painting and spectator, so that the latter feels more part of the painting.
10.The Resurrection of Piero della Francesca
The Gospels affirm that the crucifixion ofJesusChrist, this one was placed in the tomb between Friday night and Sunday morning. On the third day he rose from the dead and appeared alive to his disciples. In Piero della Francesca's Resurrection, we realize that Christ was portrayed as man and God, with a non-idealized face, a spotless body resembling a sculpture. This resurrection painting is also unusual in having two vanishing points. Piero was commissioned to paint the fresco for the Gothic-style Residenza, the communal meeting room that was used exclusively by Conservatori, the chief magistrates and governors, who, before beginning their councils, prayed before the image. Placed high on the inner wall facing the entrance, the fresco is themed in an allusion to the name of the city (which means "Holy Sepulcher"), derived from the presence of two relics of the Holy Sepulcher carried by two pilgrims in the 9th century. Piero's Christ is also present on the city's coat of arms.